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Running head: Assignment 1: DEALING WITH DIVERSITY IN AMERICA FROM RECONSTRUCTIONTHROUGH THE 1920S1Assignment 1: Dealing With Diversity in America from Reconstruction Through The 1920s Tironda HooperProfessor: Dr. Anthony McCormackHIS 105April 21, 2018
Running head: Assignment 1: DEALING WITH DIVERSITY IN AMERICA FROM RECONSTRUCTIONTHROUGH THE 1920S2The Civil War began on April 12, 1861 and ended in the spring of 1865. During the CivilWar African Americans endured slavery, discrimination and even death. After the Civil War just when it seemed like the African Americans were making some type of progress as freed slaves they were unfortunately setback by the white Southerners who wanted to have complete control publicly, economically and politically. The Southerners interest in slavery seemed more important than the economy itself. “The LostCause is the name commonly given to a literary and intellectual movement that sought to reconcile the traditional Southern white society to the defeat of the Confederate States of America in the Civil War” (The Lost Cause). The Lost Cause narrative of the South effectively sabotaged and influenced racial policy in the US for most of the post-Civil War period. The Lost Cause was portrayed to be an idea of the Civil War as a movement towards freedom against a domineering government in an attempt to implement culture change, but that was far from the truth.The Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 eliminated slavery giving African American men andwomen the right to no longer be a slave and to participate in events such as marriage, purchasing land, voting, opening a church and even getting an education. When the slaves were freed after the Civil War one would think that there would be no strings attached once being freed, but unfortunately that was not the case for African Americans. Throughout Reconstruction, Southernstates promptly took advantage of the Thirteenth Amendment’s slavery loophole by detaining African Americans for inconsequential offenses such as being out of work, lingering and making gambling bets. In the midst of the loophole, Blacks were sadly sold to concealed employers through the offender lease system. Besides the Thirteenth Amendment loophole there was an additional no-win situation to the freed slaves and that was the Black Codes. The Black Codes