Introduction - Chapter 1(1788-1800 Labor force 1.9 million...

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Introduction: Unions thrive (membership grows) when immigration is low or levels are contracting; unions falter (decline) during periods when immigration is high or levels are increasing Labor movement has traditionally focused on the quantity and effect of the size of immigrants and the available size of labor On the other side a disproportionate number of immigrants are poor, unskilled and minimally educated. They are more willing to fill low skilled jobs and work for low wages under bad working conditions (by Americans standards) Unions= establish a form of workplace government, sometimes referred to as a system of industrial jurisprudence. Seek to assure that workplace is governed by rules based on employer and employee.
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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 (1788-1800) Labor force: 1.9 million workers 80% agricultural 90% were in two categories of work: self employed persons and small tradesmen Primary method on building work force: reliance on high birth rates Build labor force: biological reproduction and immigration Immigrants: slaves or soon to be free persons First union of workers who joined together to improve wages had been established by shoemakers in Philadelphia in 1792 Because people were self employed and most non agricultural work relied on handicraft, there was little place for unions Standards of work and product prices were their primary concerns when disputes arose Work was similar to the colonial era...
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