summer session 1 505 theories assignment 3.docx - Shekeena...

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Shekeena Neal 6/9/18 CJ 505 Reading Assignment 3 (Chapters 5, 6) Chapter 5 (Chicago School 1: Social Disorganization/Differential Association) Answer any one question: 1. Choose any five (5) of the following terms or theorists and define or otherwise briefly identify the significance of each: Edwin Sutherland- Park and Burgess Shaw and McKay white collar crime Frederick Thrasher zone in transition The Jackroller ecological study of delinquency
2. Discuss differential association theory, including its main contributor and its explanation of criminality. Briefly apply the perspective to the example of the professional thief. Differential Association Theory is a theory in criminology that points to a response to this problem. This theory was developed by Edwin Sutherland. Who was a sociologist and a professor? He invented the theory to clarify the details why people commit wrongdoing. The theory is based upon the idea that criminals commit crimes based upon their association with other people. His theory stands influence that deviant behavior is due to nature. People commit deviant acts because they associate with individuals who act in a deviant behavior. He remoter justified just what one learns from people who commit deviance. He said that the future deviant learns values different from those of the dominant culture, as well as techniques for committing deviance. In a gang environment, current mob associates socialize new members to norms that oppose those of the leading ethos. From the gang, these new members learn that stealing, carrying a gun, and using drugs are acceptable actions, while they were not before. In the meantime, the

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