A Changing America

A Changing America - A Changing America: The antebellum...

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A Changing America: The antebellum United States (1820 – 1860)
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Population Growth 1800 = 5.3 million “Americans” 1860 = 31.5 million Americans High birth rate Declining death rate Immigration
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Why come to America? European economic depression European political turmoil Expanding American opportunity
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Who came to America? Irish – 43% Germans – 27% English – 18%
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Nativism
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Who wanted immigrants in the U.S.? Industrialists/large manufacturers Eastern, urban political organizations Land speculators/developers Western politicians
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Who were the nativists? Working class Whig Party Racism Xenophobia – hatred or fear of foreigners
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The “Know Nothings” American Party (1854) = Know Nothing Party Extend citizen requirement from 5 to 21 years Excluded immigrants and Catholics from public office
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Canal Age Erie Canal Longest canal in the world 360 miles long 40 feet wide 4 feet deep
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Erie Canal
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Erie Canal Cut travel time Cut costs Connected NYC to Great Lakes NYC as primary merchant city
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hatfield during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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A Changing America - A Changing America: The antebellum...

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