Crisis of the Union

Crisis of the Union - Crisis of the Union 1848 - 1860...

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Unformatted text preview: Crisis of the Union 1848 - 1860 Wilmot Proviso (August 1846) Proposal to prohibit slavery in all territory acquired from Mexico Never became law Politicized slavery debate Calhoun Resolutions Argued slavery prohibitions violated 5 th Amendment Popular Sovereignty Compromise idea on slave issue Had slavery reached its natural limits? Free Soil Ideology Exclusion of slavery from the territories Feared enslavement of the white working class Free Soil Party (1848) Northern Democrats, Conscience Whigs, and Liberty Party free soil, free speech, free labor, free men Gold in California! Mass Migration James Marshall Gold fever 80,000 immigrants in 1849 300,000 by 1854 Forty-Niners Mostly young, unmarried men Mining towns were disorderly, unsanitary, and lawless 1 in 5 miners dead within first 6 months Leisure time devoted to drinking and gambling Women in the Gold Rush 1850 less than 8% of Californias population Premium pay for cooks, laundresses, entertainers, and prostitutes Prostitutes at the top of gold rush society Men come forty miles over the mountains just to look at me, and I never was called a handsome woman, in my best days, even by my most ardent admirers. Consequences for California San Francisco Few Forty- Niners ever found gold Many stayed Developed diverse California population Chinese immigration Compromise of 1850 California New Mexico Act Utah Act Abolished DC slave trade Fugitive Slave Act Denied fugitive slaves jury trials...
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Crisis of the Union - Crisis of the Union 1848 - 1860...

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