Slavery and the Old South

Slavery and the Old South - Slavery and the Old South...

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Slavery and the Old South 1800-1860
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‘King Cotton’ Employed ¾ of all southern slaves Could be grown by anyone Tied to British and French textiles market 150,000 bales/ year in 1815 4 million bales/ year by 1860
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Development of the South Only 10% of US manufacturing Virtually no canal building Poor roads ¼ railroad development of the North
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Dependence on Northern manufacturing Cotton exported through the North Northern merchants for imported goods International trade, finance, and major markets Increasing Southern resentment
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Southern Lifestyle Largely rural population Most were native southerners Violent society of duels and gun-fighting
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Southern Society Slaveholders = ¼ of South’s population Planter class = about 4% of population Most were small farmers (yeomen) Largely supported slave system
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Why would small farmers support planter class? Feared competition for land from freed
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Slavery and the Old South - Slavery and the Old South...

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