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ENDS 250 FINAL REVIEW Le Courbusier – 5 Points of Architecture Respond to modern materials and technologies 1. Raise on pilotis (piers) Point-load system on a grid through building Made for traffic, gardens, ect to be put under building 2. Open plan Make open spaces however large or small, very open 3. Free façade Flat façade, put anything on it (any material, deco, ect) 4. Ribbon windows Extend around building, a little above table height 5. Roof garden Outdoor space for crowded urban areas Villa Savoye – Le Courbusier (Poissey, 1920’s) Pays attention to 5 points No historical reference. Le Courbusier never used historical references in his architecture Raised on piers with parking underneath Ribbon windows above table height Vertical symmetry (ramp and stairs) Very open plan – no restrictive walls Outdoor roof garden extends from indoor living area Terragini – Casa del Fascio (Como, 1930’s) Exhibits Rational Architecture Concrete walls covered with white stone Was built for the Fascist party and they used the building for numerous public demonstrations Building was designed to accommodate a large number of people, so the rooms are very open with tons of space . The glass walls on the main floor symbolize open government that all could see. This place has Renaissance Baroque proportionality . (whateva) More on Frank Lloyd Wright Influenced by the Imperial Hotel in Japan. He also traveled through the U.S. Southwest and fell in love with the desert.
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Later, he began to design houses in California which were adapted to the California climate and many were influenced by Aztec and Mayan ruins. F.L. Wright – Millard House (Pasadena, 1920’s) Modern adobe architecture The house was made of bricks , which was very time consuming to construct because rods had to cut to hold the blocks together. The blocks had different styles , some had holes for air circulation , while others had smaller holes for light . The house sits on a steep incline and is nestled into a hill . You enter the house from the street, which is a low elevation , and once you get to the back garden of the house, the elevation is much higher. There are similarities to Mayan and Aztec structures – house is hidden by plan-life, and appears to be “lost in the jungle.” Schindler Born and raised in Australia Came to California to work with F.L. Wright. Schindler – Lovell Beach House (Newport Beach, 1920’s) The living spaces in the house are raised to catch the nearby sea breeze and ocean views. The house has reinforced concrete “fins” which held the ultra-light materials used for the floor and ceiling so that they would be able to “give” during and earthquake . Materials for the house were used
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