Psychology_Notes_Exam_3

Psychology_Notes_Exam_3 - PSY 101 Notes Exam 3 10-24-06...

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PSY 101 Notes Exam 3 10-24-06 Chapter 8 Involves memory but not entirely Chess Reading Card Game;  Stowy Yunger; Gin Rummy/Poker; Psychopathology Piano Flying an airplane How do psychologists think about thinking? Mental Representation  Symbolic Vs Analogical  M-O-U-S-E    Vs Similarities to the thing it represents Bears no  Relationship to the thing it represents Mental Images Creation and use of “mental pictures” 1. What shape are a German Shepard’s ears? 2. What hand holds the torch? Simonies Method of Loci  (mental imagery can be used to enhance memory) The Greeks 1. Chose a well-known series of locations 2. Create mental image to item interacting w/ location 3. Mentally “walk” from on e location to the next How Do We Study it? Titchener’s Introspection Reporting internal subjective experiences of something as a “window” into consciousness introspection  (visual imagery window into conciousness) Problems –  - Processes in perceiving happen out side out awareness - Difficult to describe what we are experiencing;  no good vocabulary to describe the image Mental Rotation, p. 280 Trying to find a way something (puzzle pieces) fits into its whole (actual puzzle)  1
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Angle of rotation, almost perfect correlation to how long it takes to respond Ie –  30*   less time if letter is backward or not 180*   more time   Why was finding so important? 1. Opened new area of research – a way to study non-static images 2. Data were very orderly – remarkable systematic relationship 3. Implications of a single process – The Visual Image Image Scanning  Study Test - Focus on Left Takes longer to “remember” Flag - Focus on right Takes less time to “remember” Flag Where was flag? Limitations of Visual Imagery… Eidetic Imagery? More detailed; vivid “photographic memory” - preadolescent children (8%) - adults (nil) Problem Solving What is a problem? Goal not immediately attainable Simple Problem - 34 + 59 = - 15% tip Not So simple Problems  - Fermat’s Last Theorem - Kohler’s Chimp Research Well-Defined Problem  Clear Coal All Information needed is provided Hanoi, Tower of Move Problem Ill-Defined Problem “real-life” problem 2
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Types of Problems  Insight Problems p. 297 Hindrances to Problem Solving Functional Fixedness Insist on fixing a problem in one particular way, when an easier way is possible Luchin’s “Water-Jug” Problem p. 292 - sometimes automatically Overcoming Hindrances - working backward 10-26-06 Problem Solving Types of Problems Hindrances to Problem Solving - sometimes automatically Mental Set
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Psychology_Notes_Exam_3 - PSY 101 Notes Exam 3 10-24-06...

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