Notes Exam 3 - Notes Exam 3 ISS 220 Time Space & Change...

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Notes Exam 3 3-26-07 Homo (man) habilis (handy) {first tool user} Oldouar Gorge – Site Oldowan Tools Meat Eating Homo < 2mya Robust athropocine Homo (traits) Larger cranial than austropicine Rounded brain case No crest / No flaring zygomatics Small faces No dished in face Lower Paleolithic (old stone) Less massive jaw Time Period: Stone Age Parabolic Dental Arch 1 st Homo habilis found by Leaky family (Louis Leaky game the name Homo Habilis) * * KNM ER 1470 * [Kenya National Museum east Rudofl] 500-750 cc Cranial Capicity East Africa/Rift Valley Caves of South Africa 2.5-1.75 mya = Homo Habilis Rest of skeleton looks ancestrail 4 ½ ‘ (short) No modern limb proportions (MLP) Platform Foot Brain is less ape like Culture spears, etc, stone tools Lower Paleolithic Percussion Flaking Hitting one rock against the other Hammer Stone Meat Man the Hunter – male chimps aggressors, murders, fighters Women the Gatherer Pregnancy (hard to hunt) Behavior Dimorphism, sexual Males are bigger, bring home more meat 3-28-07 Homo Erectus (H.e.) Acheulean Tools Pysical Characters Geo. Distribution H.e. culture 1
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Fire Homo erectus Encephalization Modern Limb Proportions 1.8 mya – 400 kya; no good dating tech. W. Africa, W. Europe, Asia 1.2-1mya 2-1mya } migration 3 models - Wolpoff – No Erectus; Habilis sapien - Smith – Movement w/ gene flow, different related populations - Different Species Many more tools that fossils, stone preservers well Homo erectus Saginal key hole Keel 1000 cc cranial capacity (700-1200) sexual dimorphism Flatter face & less prognathism Prominent linked brow Occipital tools (back of school) muscles attach from neck 50 yrs old Skull is thicker towards base Turkana Boy, would have been 6’ More… walking SIDE NOTE Wolves Lions left w/ Homo erectus; all social predators require large amounts of land Leopards Hyenas Pithecanthropus erectus – the ape man who walks erect -South/East Asia 1.8 mya Sinanthropus pekinensis China Zhhoukoudian Cave 1927 All disappeared when being shipped to US >1000 cc cranial capacity 400,000  1.4 mya  1.9 mya European erectus No erectus in Europe or sapiens, or so they say 1.8 – 1.7 mya Georgia 700,000 Italy Bexgrove, England stone tools, 1 fossil Spain Homo antecessor Culture FIRE! (evidence) 2
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Soil discoloration Burnt Bone Hearth Ash & charcoal Cook Food Warmth for colder climates, Germany Achulean Tool Tradition Paleothifithic - hand axe; tear drop shaped, bifacial - soft hammer Animal bone, liner tools Many more flakes Shaping Thick Bifacial/symmetrical Standardization, there’s a plan , an idea
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course ISS 220 taught by Professor Bailey during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Notes Exam 3 - Notes Exam 3 ISS 220 Time Space &amp; Change...

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