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Username 1Name:Course:Instructor:Date:THE COLD WAR EXTENDS TO SPACESpace exploration served as another dramatic arena for Cold War competition. OnOctober 4, 1957, a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik (Russian for“traveler”), the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object to be placed into theEarth’s orbit. Sputnik’s launch came as a surprise, and not a pleasant one, to most Americans. Inthe United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand Americantradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. Inaddition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile–seemingly capable ofdelivering a nuclear warhead into U.S. air space–made gathering intelligence about Sovietmilitary activities particularly urgent.In 1958, the U.S. launched its own satellite, Explorer I, designed by the U.S. Army under

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Term
Fall
Professor
Brancovan
Tags
Cold War, Sputnik, Space Race, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cold War competition

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