World War I.doc - Running head WORLD WAR I 1 World War I Authors Name Tutors Name Discipline Date WORLD WAR I 2 World War I Summary of World War I World

World War I.doc - Running head WORLD WAR I 1 World War I...

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Running head: WORLD WAR I 1World War IAuthor’s Name:Tutor’s Name:Discipline:Date:
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broke out to about the time the Second World War began in 1939; it was simply referred to as World War or the Great War (Barber, 2012). It was initially known as the European War in America. However, it was later commonly called the First Word War or World War I. It was characterized by industrial and technological sophistication, and tactical stalemate of the belligerents, factors that exacerbated the causality rate. According to rough estimates, more than nine million combatants were killed in the conflict. History has it that it was the fifth most bizarre conflict to ever occur in the world. Following its occurrence, major political changes were witnessed in the world, part of them being revolutions in some of the participating nations. Drawn into the war were the world’s major economic powerhouses that fought in two opposing alliances. These were the Allies, comprising of the Triple Entente of France, the Russian Empire and the United Kingdom, against the Central Powers of Austria-Hungary and Germany. These alliances were expanded and reorganized as more and more nations were drawn into the war (Barber, 2012). In spite of Italy having belonged to the Triple Alliance together with Austria-Hungary and Germany, it decided not to join the Central Powers, since Austria-Hungary had been taken an offense against the terms of the Alliance. As the war gained momentum, Japan, the United States, and Italy joined the Allies. Likewise, the Central Powers got a boost when Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire joined them. The ultimate result of these developments
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WORLD WAR I 3 was the mobilization of over seventy million military personnel, sixty million of whom were Europeans (Bosco, 2010). Imperialism resurgence was the major underlying cause of the war, but the immediate trigger was the Sarajevo assassination of the throne of Austria-Hungary’s heir, Archduke Franz Ferdinand. He was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Yugoslav nationalist, a student called Givrilo Princip (Gregory, 2012). What followed this development was a month of intense diplomatic maneuvering involving Germany, France, Austria-Hungary, Britain, and Russia. This happened in the month of July, earning it the title: the July crisis. During this time, Austria-Hungary wanted to end Serbian influence in Bosnia. This prompted her to issue the July Ultimatum to
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