Unformatted text preview: Michel Foucault, L'ordre du discours, Leon inaugurale au Collge de France prononce le 2 dcembre 1970 Societies try to select and control discourse using procedures to reduce the power, dangers and magnitude of the effects of speech. Foucault discusses the rules that limit the discourse of speech. There are certain things that one is not allowed to say based on rituals, or on objects, or because one is not in the privileged position to discuss the topic. As with most of Foucault's ideas, this relates to a power struggle the power to control someone else's discourse. Along with this, Foucault's interest in madness is shown. Madness has been seen as completely irrational, or with a hidden rationality that is almost prophetic. The interpretation of discourse has changed over time in regard to the madman. Now, the psychiatrist listens to the speech of those who are seeking counsel and gives this speech great power. Truth has mutated over time. The power struggle with regards to truth in relation to language has changed from being in the hands of the person uttering the truth to the content of which this person claims. Within this web of relations the advent of empirical science also retains a place the current discipline of science may be seen as change from believing what one says about a subject to the view that the content is the ultimate Truth. This form of truth is reinforced by the support of institutions: publishing, libraries, previous societies, and also in laboratories. The truth has power over other forms of discourse. The truth is not a specific desire or power but rather a function of the discourse of society. ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course FRENCH 101 taught by Professor Gasarian during the Spring '08 term at Tufts.
- Spring '08