History of Philosophy - Last Paper

History of Philosophy - Last Paper - Candide In reading...

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Candide In reading Leibniz, Voltaire’s response to Leibniz in Candide , and other moral philosophers, one similarity between these authors’ approach to morality seemed to be the initial question they asked: What is the correct ethical theory or moral philosophy? I think that, in answering this question, these philosophers skip over an important previous question: Is there a correct ethical theory or moral philosophy? Most of the philosophers I have read assume the answer in the affirmative, and from there proceed to explain their ideals. I would like to claim that there is no basis to believe an objective ethics exists. For an objective ethical theory to exist, it must be based on something. One could say the theory is based on God, but then one also runs into problems. How does one know that God even exists? Also, the divine command theory states that either: 1. God created the moral code and thus can arbitrarily tell anyone to do anything and it would be correct, or 2. God gets the code from a different power, which would take away some of God’s omnipotence. I have also heard people base their moral theories on the idea of ‘putting oneself in the other person’s shoes.’ The old adage goes “Do unto others as you
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