Chapter 26 Soft Tissue Injuries.docx - Closed Injuries Characterized by hx of blunt trauma pain at site of injury swelling beneath skin discoloration

Chapter 26 Soft Tissue Injuries.docx - Closed Injuries...

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Closed Injuries Characterized by hx of blunt trauma, pain at site of injury, swelling beneath skin, discoloration Contusion-bruise, causes bleeding under the skin, but does not break the skin Epidermis is intact, but dermis is damaged Small blood vessels damaged Produces ecchymosis Hematoma- blood that has collected within damaged tissue or cavity Occurs when large blood vessel is damaged and bleeds rapidly From soft tissue injury or, fracture, or blood vessel injury Crushing injury occurs when significant force is applied to body Extent depends on how much force and how long Continued compression cuts off circulation, resulting in tissue damage Crush syndrome occurs when an area of the body is trapped for longer than 4 hours and arterial blood flow is compromised When pt’s tissues are crushed beyond repair, muscle cells dieand release dangerous substance into surrounding tissue Released after force is removed and blood flow returns Call ALS before force is removed Compartment syndrome develops when edema and swelling result in increased pressure within a closed soft-tissue compartment Develops commonly in extremities Interfered with circulation Increased chance for tissue death Tissue Wound types Abrasions Wound of superficial layer of skin, caused by friction when a body part rubs on a surface Lacerations Jagged cut in the skin caused by a sharp object or a blunt force that tears the tissue May appear linear or stellate Avulsions Injury that separates layers if soft tissue.
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  • Spring '16
  • Ryan Carey
  • Burns, Blast injury, soft tissue injury, Partial Thickness Burn

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