WHO WERE THE TUDORS.pptx - WHO WERE THE TUDORS Origins of the Tudors Tudors Minor Welsh Nobility But made married into House of Lancaster(branch of the


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Unformatted text preview: WHO WERE THE TUDORS? Origins of the Tudors? Tudors: Minor Welsh Nobility, But made married into House of Lancaster (branch of the Plantagenet family). Henry VII: 1457-1509 - Became main Lancastrian in line for the throne (Everyone else was dead!) Battle of Bosworth: 1485 Fought near city of Leicester, English Midlands Richard had larger force but leading nobles refused to fight for him. Led a desperate charge and almost killed Henry. Richard was unhorsed, surrounded, and killed. Henry was crowned King on the battlefield. Married Elizabeth of York, thus finally uniting the warring families. What happened recently to bring this period of British history back to public attention? The Tudors: Family Meet and Greet!! What impacts did this break with Rome have upon English society? Dissolution of the Monasteries (1536-1541)! – What was it? Clyst St Mary (1549) GOOD QUEE N BESS!! How to structure an SAQ RRUTOW: R: Rank the questions 1-4 R: Read the questions completely and carefully. U: Underline and understand the key words (numbers/regions/concept/key vocabulary/action verbs). T: Think about how you will answer the question. O: Map out a basic outline (main ideas + specific examples). W: Write your answer (legibly in blue/black ink). Clearly distinguish the different sections. You will have 12 minutes per question (Four questions) Social: Development and transformation of social structures • • Gender roles and relations Racial and ethnic constructs • Social and economic classes Political: State-building, expansion, and conflict • Political structures and forms of governance • Empires • Nations and nationalism • Revolts and revolutions Interaction between humans and the environment • (Environmenta l) • Demography and disease • Migration • Patterns of settlement Agricultural and pastoral production* Culture: Development and interaction of cultures • • Religions Belief systems, philosophies and ideologies • Science and technology • Arts and architecture Economic: Creation, expansion, & interaction of economic systems • Agricultural and pastoral production • Trade and commerce • Labor systems • Industrialization Name: King Henry VIII Family: House of Tudor. Son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York Characteristics: Aggressive, short-tempered, and energetic (Until I become old and overweight). Resume: I was extravagant in my lifestyle, and spend all of my father’s wealth. I considered myself to be a “Renaissance” Prince and am talented in many fields: jousting, tennis, music, dance… I need a male heir! I lusted after many women and grew tired of my wives quickly. I wanted to remove Papal authority from England but was faithful to the teachings and practices of the Catholic Church (I dislike Luther). Name: King Henry VII Family: House of Tudor. Son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort Characteristics: Intelligent, calculating, diplomatic, and careful with money. Resume: I am the father of Henry VIII I have made peace with England’s foreign enemies. I left England with a full treasury. I loved my wife and did not remarry after her death in childbirth. I stopped internal strife in England and united the noble houses. I centralized the power of the English monarchy. My taxes were very unpopular. Name: Queen Elizabeth I Family: House of Tudor. Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Characteristics: Intelligent, quick-witted, suspicious, ruthless, and vain. Resume: I was ruthless in my elimination of rivals and enemies. I led British forces in their victory over a massive Spanish invading foce I firmly established Protestantism as the faith of England but compromised between Protestant theology and Catholic rituals. I encouraged the arts, which made my reign a Golden Age of culture. I became one of the most popular English monarchs that ever lived. Name: Queen Mary I Family: House of Tudor. Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon Characteristics: Serious, extremely pious, intolerant Resume: I became queen after death of my half-brother - Edward I had over 300 Protestants burned at the stake. I wanted to return England to Catholicism. I married Philip of Spain to create a strong Catholic alliance, but could not produce an heir. I died at the age of 42, possibly of cancer. I became one of the most unpopular English monarchs that ever lived. Name: King Edward VI Family: House of Tudor. Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour Characteristics: Studious, Arrogant, Precocious, sickly Resume: I am a protégé of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. Although influenced by Lutheranism, my type of Protestant faith is strict and uncompromising. I had church paintings whitewashed, statues and relics removed from churches, altars replaced with communion tables, and a Cranmer’s new prayer book (In English) sent to all churches throughout England. I died at the age of 16, probably of tuberculosis. Name: Catherine of Aragon Family: Daughter of the rulers of Spain: Ferdinand and Isabella Characteristics: Beautiful, pious, loyal, intelligent, resilient Resume: I was first married to Henry’s brother, Arthur, but he died aged 15 and I was then married to Henry. I was married to Henry VIII for 20 years. I was very popular with the English people. Most people agreed that our marriage was a happy one. I gave birth to a daughter, Mary, but could not provide Henry with a male heir. Henry eventually banished me from court and married Anne Boleyn. Name: Anne Boleyn Family: Boleyn family – An ambitious noble family that sought power in the royal court. Characteristics: Witty, intelligent, charming, and beautiful Resume: Henry VIII was infatuated with me, though I at first rejected his advances. I married Henry while he was still officially married to Catherine of Aragon. I gave him a daughter – Elizabeth, but could not give him a male heir Henry grew tired of me and he believed the conspiracy that I was unfaithful to him. He had me imprisoned in the Tower of London, and eventually executed (Beheaded). Name: Jane Seymour Family: Seymour family were country gentry Characteristics: Gentle, quiet, and enjoys simple pleasures. Can read and write a little Resume: I enjoy needlework and household management. I became a maid of honor for both Queen Catherine and Queen Anne. Henry became interested in me while I was in the service of Anne Boleyn. I was married to Henry shortly after Anne’s execution. I gave birth to a son, Edward, but died a few weeks after the birth. Name: Anne of Cleves Family: House of La Marck, Northern Germany Characteristics: Initially spoke no English and had a limited education. Enjoyed needlework and card games. Considered to be kind and gentle. Resume: My Marriage to Henry VIII was arranged by Thomas Cromwell. Henry disliked me immediately and refused to consummate our marriage. My marriage to Henry was annulled. I was given a generous settlement by Henry, and outlived all of his other wives. Name: Catherine Parr Family: Parr family “Rough and ready” Gentry family from Northern England. Characteristics: Had a passion for learning and was fluent in many languages. Resume: I was raised Catholic but became interested in Protestant theology. I was twenty years younger than Henry VIII when I married him. I was twice widowed before marrying Henry. I became a close companion and nursemaid to Henry in his final years. I also was a caring stepmother to his children. I had a special fondness for Elizabeth. Name: Catherine Howard Family: Howard family were powerful and influential nobles – Dukes of Norfolk, and Catholic. Characteristics: Carefree, emotional, flirtatious, and immature Resume: I came to Henry’s court as a Lady-in-waiting to Anne of Cleves. I caught the attention of Henry, who became besotted with me. Henry married me soon after the annulment. I was about 17 years old, while Henry was about 48. After only 19 months as queen I was accused of adultery. I was taken to the Tower of London and executed (beheaded). Name: Cardinal Thomas Wolsey Family: Wolsey family – Artisan butchers and Cattle farmers . Could afford to send Thomas to Oxford University. Characteristics: Very hard-working and I ambitious. Assertive and dominant personality. Also cheerful and pleasure-loving Resume: I rapidly rose up the Church hierarchy. I was a leading govt, official for Henry VII Henry VIII liked me instantly. He gave me Bishoprics and Archbishoprics, and then made me Lord Chancellor. Henry left detailed govt, administration to me, while he spent time hunting, jousting, and hosting banquets. I fell out of favor with Henry because I couldn’t secure his annulment to Catherine of Aragon. I was arrested for treason in York, and died on the journey down to London. Name: Sir Thomas More Family: Father was Lawyer and Judge, but family had been London bakers and brewers. Characteristics: Highly educated, intelligent, and very resolute in his beliefs. Could also be very intolerant. Resume: After Wolsey’s death I became Henry’s Lord Chancellor. I was a friend of Erasmus and considered myself a Christian Humanist. I refused to accept Henry’s marriage to Anne Boleyn as legitimate, and refused to accept his authority over the Church in England. I was accused of being a traitor, and eventually executed (beheaded) on Henry’s orders. Name: Archbishop Thomas Cranmer Family: Cranmers were country Gentry. Characteristics: Studious, intelligent, Idealistic, and puritanical. Resume: I attended Cambridge University I became one of the chief architects in Henry’s divorce from Catherine of Aragon. I was interested in teachings of Zwingli and Calvin and wanted to see Protestantism firmly embedded in English Christianity, but I always accepted the absolute authority of Henry VIII. I encouraged the writing and distribution of the Bible and Prayer books in the vernacular. I became a close advisor to Edward VI. I was burned at the stake on the orders of Mary I. Name: Thomas Cromwell Family: Cromwells: Family were London blacksmiths, cloth merchants, and brewers. Characteristics: Tough, ambitious, and idealistic Resume: I became the personal secretary of Cardinal Wolsey. I gained the trust of Henry and eventually became his chief minister. I was committed to Reformation of the English Church, and sympathetic to Lutheranism. I gained national consent for a break with the Pope so that Henry could marry Anne Boleyn. I became an enemy of Anne and help to ensure her execution. I made enemies of powerful Catholic nobles. I arranged the marriage between Henry and Anne of Cleves – became a royal humiliation. I was executed as a traitor on Henry’s orders (Beheaded). EXIT CARD: THE REFORMATION IN ENGLAND Name: _______________________________ ANSWER USING THIS THREE SENTENCE FORMAT: A Clearly ANSWER the question. C CITE a specific piece of evidence to support your answer. The more specific, the better. E EXPAND your answer by providing further analysis or historical context. What impact did the Protestant Reformation have upon the political, social, and cultural characteristics of English society in the 16 th century? ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ...
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  • Fall '17
  • Mrs. Osborne
  • Henry VIII of England, Henry, King Henry VIII

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