Hist 2112 Exam 3.pdf - Hist 2112 Exam 3 Monday October 16...

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The concept of "total war" is the strategy of targeting civilian populationsto force the surrender of an enemy army - Goes back to the Napoleon andhis thoughtthathe had noother way to conquer the Europeans - WW1 in the air: you now have aerial warfare - Path tothe AtomicBomb: Massive bombs, aerial bombstowipe outan entire town - Guernica: comes into play during the Spanishcivil war Invasionof Poland Blitzkrieg - (Nov.1940-May1941) LondonBlitz - Firebombs Carpet bombing:more precise bombing, systematically destroyingthings mile by mile Strategic bombingof Germany - WW1 in Europe Pearl Harbor - Racial hatred "Nomercy" Nature of war - Island hopping:hoppingfromone island to the next until theyget to Japan Firebombing American Offensive - They question andsay "Do we really need this?" It is a race to see whocan build the better productfaster - Bureaucratic inertia - AvoidAmerican casualties - WW2 in the Pacific Hist 2112 Exam 3 Monday, October 16, 2017 1:23 PM
- Cold War politics - Pearl Harbor and D-Day Allied with GB and Soviet Union Atomic bomb 1941:JoinedWorld War 2 Economic might Military establishment Foreign policy: Bureaucracy andaid 1945:WorldSuperpower Civil war Withdrew fromWW1 Leninism War Communismto "New Economic Policy" 1917:BolshevikRevolution Murderousdictator Five-Year Plans: Industrializationand collectivism 1924:Stalintook power Karl Marx: wantsto see the redistribution of wealth, this will eliminate social classes and everyone is equal Soviet Unionsigned To avoid war with Germany Ended communism'sappeal in the US Hitler declares war against Soviet Union anyways 1939:Non-agressionpact signed 27 million people died Need for border security 1941:InvadedbyGermany Soviet Unionjoins forceswith the US Capitalism v Communism Competition Ideologies - Escalated fear Atomic Bomb - Cold War Causes
Escalated fear Spurred arms race Complicated diplomacy "Sphere of influence" Soviet Insecurity - Global interests American indecision - Aimed to prevent communismfromgaining influence elsewhere in world - CommittedUS to open-endedideological struggle - Became driving force in the American foreign and domestic policy - "Policy of Containment" Electrocuted in 1953 forpassingatomic secrets to the Soviet Union - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Accused of spyingin 1949 andconvicted for perjury (lie to protect themselves their friends, and more) in 1950 - Alger Hiss Doing this withouta warrant (recordings are obtainedillegally and cannot be used in court) - The way that people are usually punishedis that they lose their jobs(tactic of the FBI) Republicans - Ultra-right conservatives - Democrats - Radical left-wingers - Political supporters JohnBurch society FBI - American Legion (formedin the midst of the Red Scare) - American Federations of Labor - Hearst Newspapers - Catholic church - Institutionalsupporters Anticommunism'sLegacy
Successfulpolitical ploy -

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