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Running head: Organizational Systems Task 3 1Organizational Systems and Quality Leadership Task 3, SAT1-0517/1217 Western Governors University
Running head: Organizational Systems Task 3 2A1. COUNTRY TO COMPAREFor this paper, I chose Japan’s healthcare system—Statutory Health Insurance System (SHIS) to compare with United States’ (U.S.) healthcare coverage—The Affordable Care Act (ACA). A2. ACCESS In 2010, U.S. adopted the healthcare system of the Affordable Care Act—also known as “Obamacare,” residents are required to have at least the basic form of healthcare coverage. Resi-dents who failed to acquire coverage will be penalized by way of paying taxes—payment in-creases each year with no insurance. The goal of ACA was to guarantee all Americans to be health-insured, even with a preexisting medical condition. Many Americans reaped benefits with this legislation, interestingly millions of people remains uninsured and/or underinsured. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) provides coverage for: a) retired 65 year old and older adults, and people with disabilities with Medicare; b) unemployed/low-income resi-dents, who meets the financial requirements, with Medicaid, and c) children, who meets certain low-income population, with Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) (The Commonwealth Fund, n.d.). In comparison, in 1961, Japan adopted the universal health care system, Statutory Health Insurance System (SHIS), a mandatory requirement for the Japanese, and regulated by their gov-ernment (Zhang and Oyama, 2016; Matsuda, n.d.). SHIS requires the national and local govern-ment to provide the public with high-quality and affordable medical services to residents who are: a) salaried employees are covered by the employment-based insurance system which in-cludes the spouse and dependents; b) unemployed, children, retirees, and other citizens not cov-
Running head: Organizational Systems Task 3 3ered by the employers-based are covered by the public national insurance program, and c) adults 40-64 years old pays a compulsory rate who are in need of nursing care (Matsuda, n.d.). Private