Anthropological perspective.docx - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1 Anthropological perspective – anthropologist perspective of approach to or its own way of thinking its subject. First is cross cultural—means looking in a wide and inclusive sense, embracing many or potentially all human ways of being, not just cultures similar to their own. Second is holism, and cultural relativism. Cultural relativism – we must understand or judge that culture in terms of its own notions of good, normal, moral, valuable. We usually have different notion of what is good, normal, moral, valuable, legal. So we will try to understand why people do it. We must apply its own standards not our own. Ethnocentrism—the altitude or belief that one’s own culture is the best or only one, and that one can understand or judge another culture in terms of one’s own. It is not wrong but it is unhelpful. Ethnography -- Holism – the part of the “anthropological perspective” that involves consideration of every part of a culture in relation to every other part and to the whole. Because a culture can be conceived as consisting of various parts that are in complex interconnection. Archaeology – the study of the diversity of human behavior in the past, based on the trances lef behind by past humans or society. Including the life ways of past society, technical knowledge and skills, change in society over time, natural and social process that cause change, including collapse What’s the anthropological perspective? The unique angle of anthropology, consisting of cross cultural or comparative study, holism and culture relativism. What is anthropology? – the study of human as a whole. Unlike sociology which just study human of certain area, anthropology study human diversity of human bodies and behavior in the past and present with unique anthropological perspective, method and question.

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