Anthropological perspective – anthropologist perspective of approach to or its own way of
thinking its subject. First is cross cultural—means looking in a wide and inclusive sense,
embracing many or potentially all human ways of being, not just cultures similar to their own.
Second is holism, and cultural relativism.
Cultural relativism – we must understand or judge that culture in terms of its own notions of
good, normal, moral, valuable. We usually have different notion of what is good, normal, moral,
valuable, legal. So we will try to understand why people do it. We must apply its own standards
not our own.
Ethnocentrism—the altitude or belief that one’s own culture is the best or only one, and that
one can understand or judge another culture in terms of one’s own.
It is not wrong but it is
Holism – the part of the “anthropological perspective” that involves consideration of every part
of a culture in relation to every other part and to the whole. Because a culture can be conceived
as consisting of various parts that are in complex interconnection.
Archaeology – the study of the diversity of human behavior in the past, based on the trances lef
behind by past humans or society. Including the life ways of past society, technical knowledge
and skills, change in society over time, natural and social process that cause change, including
What’s the anthropological perspective? The unique angle of anthropology, consisting of cross
cultural or comparative study, holism and culture relativism.
What is anthropology? – the study of human as a whole. Unlike sociology which just study
human of certain area, anthropology study human diversity of human bodies and behavior in the
past and present with unique anthropological perspective, method and question.