63723565 ECS 2606 2 SECTION A Answer: Question 1 Technological advances since the Industrial Revolution have paved the way for rapideconomic growth which has come at the expense of environmental quality. Problems associated with economic growth
Question 2 Reduce the quantity of goods and services produced. Some people argue that this is the best long-run answer to environmental degradation: reducing output, or at least stopping its rate of growth, would allow a similar change in the quantity of residuals discharged. Some have sought to reach this goal by advocating “zero population growth” (ZPG). But it is certainly true that population growth will often exacerbate the environmental impacts of a particular economy. In the Canadian economy, for example, the emission of pollutants per car has dramatically decreased over the last few decades through better emissions-control technology. But the sheer growth in the number of cars on the highways has led to an increase in the total quantity of certain automobile emissions in many regions, most particularly large cities such as Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.