Week 5 Discussion Dementia Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). Memory loss is an example (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). Alzheimer's is the most common type of dementia (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). Though most symptoms of dementia vary they include memory loss, communication and language impairment, ability to focus and pay attention, reasoning and judgment impairment, and visual perception (National Institute on Aging, 2018). The multiple psychological changes range from anxiety, depression, personality changes, inappropriate behavior, agitation, hallucinations, and paranoia (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Dementia is caused by damage to the brain cells through excess alcohol use, medication side effects, depression, thyroid problems, trauma to head, stroke, and vitamin deficiencies (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). There is no one test used to diagnose dementia, so the use of an extensive medical history including familial history, physical examination; changes in how the patients’ think, function, and behave are all used to help make this diagnosis. The progressive types of dementias are Alzheimer’s disease (AD), vascular, Lewy body, frontotemporal, and mixed (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Other disorders that are linked to dementia are Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Pharmacotherapy for Dementia The main goal for the treatment of dementia is to improve the patient’s quality of life and prolong the disease process as long as possible. According to Arcangelo and
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- Summer '15
- disease process, cholinesterase inhibitors