The BLS considers a person to be unemployed if he or she is in the adult population, did not work for pay in
the previous week, and has actively looked for work during the preceding 4 weeks. By this definition, the
BLS classifies Rosa as unemployed.
Because Tim and Crystal are not actively seeking employment, they are not considered part of the labor
force. Note that not being in the labor force is different from being unemployed. Once people leave the labor
force, they are not counted when calculating the unemployment rate.
Because Latasha is under the age of 16, she is not considered part of the adult population.
Any jobless person who has not looked for work in the past 4 weeks is not in the labor force according to the
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Some of these jobless people who are not in the labor force indicate that
they'd like to have a job and are available for work. The BLS classifies such people as marginally attached
Discouraged workers are marginally attached workers who give a job-market-related reason
for giving up on their job search
. Typically, discouraged workers give up on their search because they feel
that there are no current opportunities for them in the labor market.
If discouraged workers were included in the official unemployment rate, the reported unemployment rate
Excluding discouraged workers from the official unemployment rate may cause the official rate
understate the true extent of underemployment.