525 Lifestyle Arthitis.docx - 1 525 FINAL Introduction A...

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1 525 FINAL Introduction A. Briefly describe the history of your selected public health issue, as well as trends that have affected its development and impact on the community . Use peer-reviewed literature to B. substantiate your findings Arthritis has a severe impact on people of all ages and has been known to mankind since ancient times. Arthritis is found in text at least as far as 4500 BC. I n the 1800’s arthritis spread across the Atlantic. In 1859 arthritis acquired its name by the French physician Dr Augustin Jacob Landré-Beauvais (1772-1840) (Mandal, 2018). The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 54.4 million Americans are affected by arthritis (CDC, 2018). The CDC states that more than 1 in 4 U.S. adults have arthritis . Arthritis is a clinical condition defined by the chronic or acute inflammation and the consequent degeneration of the articular surfaces, bones, and joints. These conditions are relatively progressive involving complicated treatments or procedures resulting in a heavy health burden on individuals. This group is affected by healthy years lost to morbidity with adverse behavior on quality of life. As the adult population is living longer, it becomes a major cause of work disability and or impairment becoming a major public health issue in the nation (Lowe, 2017). The risk factors associated with arthritis in adults are worsening over time. There are some risk factors that can be controlled, and others that cannot. By changing the risk factors it can be decreased the risk of getting arthritis. This disease inflicts pain in adults from ages 65 and older who are associated with poor lifestyles factors such as lack of physical exercise, sedentary lifestyle, and poor diet. Though, there are programs that provide patients relief and pain management. An evidence based-arthritis self-management education program was selected in Oregon from the years 2012
2 to 2014 to evaluate the effectiveness of Walk with Ease (WWE) (Conte, 2016). Sedentary adults 65 and older were enrolled for this study. Physical activity and exercise have also been found to be the most effective mechanism for older adults in terms of coping with psychosocial symptoms of arthritis. Physical activity and exercise improve age-related declines in cognitive function, sleep quality, affect, and social engagement. Behavioral factors such as not exercising and consuming unhealthy foods may be often factors to be addressed. B. What are the key social and behavioral risk factors that need to be considered with regard to this issue? Be sure to support your response with evidence. Behavioral factors such as not exercising and consuming unhealthy foods may be often factors to be addressed. The consumption of foods high in fat and carbohydrates accelerates the process of the disease. A well-balanced diet, on the other hand, does not necessarily stop the disease but controls the process of becoming worse. Extra weight puts more stress on joints, particularly weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees. Physical activity and

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