the paper.docx - Katie Bender A Comparison of the Polio and HIV/AIDS Epidemics Every year the government invests billions of dollars into medical

the paper.docx - Katie Bender A Comparison of the Polio and...

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Katie Bender A Comparison of the Polio and HIV/AIDS Epidemics Every year the government invests billions of dollars into medical research, especially research for dieses prevention and control. Some of the largest dieses outbreaks in the united states history have been poliomyelitis and HIV/AIDS. Poliomyelitis, better known as polio, is a virus that attacks the nervous system that is easily communicable through contact with infected feces. i HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which has many different strands that effect people in many ways around the world. The specific type that infected mass amounts of people in the early 1980’s was AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which was spread by the contact with bodily fluids from infected persons. Polio and HIV/AIDS both infected mass amounts of United States citizens, but the governments reaction to the epidemics was altered by the different groups of people the diseases affected. Soon after the identification of Polio in 1908 by Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper, ii Polio began to infect many people in the United States. The first case of Polio in the United States was in 1914 in Louisiana, and there was another cluster of cases 50 years, 1983, in Boston where 26 people were infected with Polio. The first official documented outbreak was in Vermont, where 132 people were diagnosed with Polio and caused 18 deaths. Slowly Polio became more common, and by 1907 2,500 cases of Polio had been reported in New York. On June 17, 1916, the United States government declared that there was an official Polio epidemic in Brooklyn, New York. That year 27,000 cases of Polio were documented in the United States, and among these cases 6,000 of them led to death. The most Polio cases were reported between 1940 and 1950. There were 42,173 documented cases and 2,720 people died. iii Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV, originated from a mutated chimpanzee disease called Simian Immunodeficiency Virus. There are two types of stands of HIV, HIV-1 and HIV-2, HIV-1 is more common in the United States and it is the more serious of the two strands in that it
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advances to full-blown AIDS more quickly. AIDS is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and develops from HIV. Before AIDS was identified doctors had it mistaken for other immunodeficiency conditions like Pnumocystic Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) and Kaposi Sarcoma (KS). It took doctors a year to learn the AIDS originated as the HIV virus. HIV/AIDS first appeared in the United States in 1968, when Robert Rayford, a 16-year-old boy, was infected by an unknown source because he never left the Midwest or received a blood transfusion. Doctors estimate that there were about 100,000 to 300,000 people infected with HIV before the official outbreak in 1981. By 1984 there had been 3,064 diagnosed cases of AIDS in the United States, and among those cases 1,292 people had died. In 1995, 50,000 Americans died from AIDS and it was declared the number one cause of deaths in people 25 to 44 years old. Slowly AIDS deaths declined as shooting drugs became less popular. In 1996, 38,780 people died of AIDS and in 2000, 14,499 people died. iv
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  • Fall '17
  • Bill Harrison
  • US History, Poliomyelitis, Polio Vs. Aids Research Paper

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