CODE OF ETHICS IN COUNSELINGTOPIC 7
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES•THE EXPECTATIONS FOR ETHICAL CONDUCT AS EXPRESSED IN THIS CODE ARE BASED ON THE FOLLOWING FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES:- respect for the dignity of persons.- not willing fully harming others.- integrity in relationship.- responsible caring.- responsibility to society.- respect for self- determination.
THE CODE OF ETHIC IN COUNSELING PROFESSION PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY•General responsibility•Respect for rights•Boundaries of competence•Supervision and consultation•Representation of professional qualification
PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY•Responsibility to counselors and professionals•Unethical behavior by other counselors•Sexual harassment•Sensitivity to diversity•Extension of ethical responsibilities
COUNSELING RELATIONSHIP•Primary responsibility•Confidentiality•Duty to warn•Client’s right and informed consent•Children and persons with diminished capacity•Maintenance of records
CODE OF ETHICS1.Confidentiality2.Volunteer (self awareness of the client to seek help)3.To respect the dignity and to promote the welfare of clients (counselors inform clients of the purposes, goals, procedures and limitation, potential risks of services to be performed and other pertinent information).
4.Report clients who are dangerous to themselves or others that could harm society to the proper authority.5.Refer to other professionals if the cases are beyond the counselor’s competencies.
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION IN COUNSELING•A strong professional association (counseling) has an important role to promote and represent counseling to the community.•The Malaysian Counselling Association was registered in 1982 (PERKAMA).
•The main objective:•To provide a common professional base for Malaysian counselors and professionals in related areas and professionals in, from the points of view of both professional orientation of fellowship.•has proposed a code of ethics for it members but adherence to the code is not guaranteed and a system of accountability is not developed.
•Very little that can be done if negligence is caused to clients in counseling relationship because the laws relating to that is not clear.•Some degree of control over the practitioner who provides the counseling services is necessary in order to safeguard public interest.
•Therefore: The Counselor’s Act was established (1998) to:•Safeguard the public against irresponsible “counselors”.
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