Personality Understanding The Big Five Personality Traits
Learning objectives: • What is the structure (and the facets) of personality • What are the implications of understanding traits for organizations? • Understanding your own personality
Personality Traits • What is a personality trait? – Habitual pattern of cognition, affect, behavior Source: Chaplin et al., 1988
The Big Five Personality Traits • Capture broad categories of personality – Openness to Experience – Conscientiousness – Extraversion – Agreeableness – Neuroticism • Best representation of core dimensions of personality – Observer judgments of infant/childhood traits highly predictive of adulthood traits – Relatively stable across lifespan – Empirically validated across cultures Source: Caspi et al., 2005; McCrae & Costa, 2003
Where does personality come from? Personality (free trait theory) Biogenic Idiogenic Sociogenic
Extraversion • Attention-seeking and sensitivity to stimulation • Facets – Friendliness – Gregariousness – Assertiveness – Activity level – Excitement-seeking – What do you think: Do extroverts like big or small groups?
Patterns for Extraversion • Strengths – Breadth of network – Motivated by rewards – Quantity of work – Leading assertively • Vulnerabilities – Impulsivity and reliance on external stimulation – Quality of work – Impact on introverts – Leading proactive employees • Sociable introverts versus shy extraverts
Who Benefits More from Facebook: Extraverts or Introverts? • Extraverts spend more time on Facebook (but so do narcissists) • Exraverts have more friends on Facebook Sources: Sheldon, 2008; Buffardi & Campbell, 2008
Conscientiousness • Dependability • Six facets – Competence – Orderliness – Dutifulness – Achievement striving – Self-discipline – Cautiousness
Patterns for Conscientiousness • Strengths – Setting, pursuing, and achieving goals – Greater attention, dedication, vigilance • Vulnerabilities – Flexibility and creativity – Reactions to less conscientious people
Self-Discipline • Essential facet of conscientiousness – # of seconds preschoolers were able to delay choosing 1 marshmallow to get 2 marshmallows later predicts cognitive and
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 34 pages?
- Fall '10
- D Blackburn
- Big Five personality traits, Trait theory