Class 2_personality.pdf - Personality Understanding The Big Five Personality Traits Learning objectives What is the structure(and the facets of

Class 2_personality.pdf - Personality Understanding The Big...

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Personality Understanding The Big Five Personality Traits
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Learning objectives: What is the structure (and the facets) of personality What are the implications of understanding traits for organizations? Understanding your own personality
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Personality Traits • What is a personality trait? – Habitual pattern of cognition, affect, behavior Source: Chaplin et al., 1988
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The Big Five Personality Traits Capture broad categories of personality Openness to Experience – Conscientiousness – Extraversion – Agreeableness – Neuroticism Best representation of core dimensions of personality Observer judgments of infant/childhood traits highly predictive of adulthood traits Relatively stable across lifespan Empirically validated across cultures Source: Caspi et al., 2005; McCrae & Costa, 2003
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Where does personality come from? Personality (free trait theory) Biogenic Idiogenic Sociogenic
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Extraversion • Attention-seeking and sensitivity to stimulation • Facets – Friendliness – Gregariousness – Assertiveness – Activity level – Excitement-seeking – What do you think: Do extroverts like big or small groups?
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Patterns for Extraversion • Strengths – Breadth of network – Motivated by rewards – Quantity of work – Leading assertively • Vulnerabilities – Impulsivity and reliance on external stimulation – Quality of work – Impact on introverts – Leading proactive employees Sociable introverts versus shy extraverts
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Who Benefits More from Facebook: Extraverts or Introverts? • Extraverts spend more time on Facebook (but so do narcissists) • Exraverts have more friends on Facebook Sources: Sheldon, 2008; Buffardi & Campbell, 2008
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Conscientiousness • Dependability Six facets – Competence – Orderliness – Dutifulness Achievement striving – Self-discipline – Cautiousness
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Patterns for Conscientiousness • Strengths – Setting, pursuing, and achieving goals – Greater attention, dedication, vigilance • Vulnerabilities – Flexibility and creativity – Reactions to less conscientious people
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Self-Discipline Essential facet of conscientiousness – # of seconds preschoolers were able to delay choosing 1 marshmallow to get 2 marshmallows later predicts cognitive and
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  • Fall '10
  • D Blackburn
  • Big Five personality traits, Trait theory

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