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Running head: PLANNING AND DESIGN IN SHIPBUILDING 1 Literature review: PLANNING, DESIGN, AND ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES IN SHIPBUILDING INTRODUCTION In today’s increasingly challenging business world, most of the shipbuilding companies focus on securing a competitive advantage by adapting to the influence of new innovative technology in work processes to achieve improved energy efficiency. Proper planning, scheduling, controlling and measuring the work layout including engineering activities are challenging these days. This project organization challenges the shipbuilding planning methodology in the form of the workforce, company’s efficiency, and different work cultures taking part in this construction process. This literature review explores the fields of managing & controlling the building procedure and lean methodology that deals with planning and measuring the engineering activities in a concurrent engineering technique. In this paper, based on my findings, I’ve discussed the overall benefits of improved technology in shipbuilding work processes focused on new innovations including designs and new components.
PLANNING AND DESIGN IN SHIPBUILDING 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Planning occurs on various stages in the shipbuilding process, right from making strategic plans on a different level to delivering the product. “Assigning to be had sources at an engineering control degree, to the extent of character designers who may additionally desire to plot their own activities” (Eckert and Clarkson 2010). It is hard to believe that loads of software stuff are required in shipyard offices to supporting any functions on the ship, including processes work, and may be confidential business information. In addition, lack of change in management suffers a lot while gathering information, which makes working on building ships more challenging. According to Granata, M. M. et.al. (2003). The lean work process highlights the importance of specific planning systems that contain the manpower and new innovative technology. Granata mentioned an example of LPD (last Planner device) which intends to enhance the planning procedure in a construction project. However, there are many researchers

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