UN Group Work.docx - University Of Nairobi Institute Of...

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University Of Nairobi Institute Of Diplomacy and International Studies A Mid Term Paper presented by: Allan BUNGUSWA N. (R67 / 32360/ 2015) Noblesse MUKENDI M. (R67 / 46286 /2017) Kevin MACHARIA R. (R67 / 45877 / 2017) Dennis SAITOTI M. (R67 / 38312 / 2016) Consolata MWAURA (R67 / 46651 / 2017) Doris TADO E. (R67 / 46295 / 2017) Subject: “With examples, explain the role and impact of the United Nations in International Law and Justice’’ In partial fulfillment of the requirements for academic assessment Of United Nations RMA 208 Lecturer: Prof. Amb. Maria NZOMO, PhD Nairobi, Kenya August, 2018
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International law and justice Introduction International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations while international justice according to human rights watch considers international justice accountability for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity to be an essential element of building respect for human rights. It works to shape investigations, bring about arrest and cooperation and advocate for effective justice mechanisms. Immediately after the world war, theUnited Nations was formed after successfully ending the war.The founding fathers of United Nations laid down the charter rules to govern the use of force. Their major focus was to prevent another inter-state war violence, acts of aggression and armed invasions which had caused World War II. United Nations earlier mandate was not meant to solve big problems for example violation for human rights within a given states boundaries. The law recognizes domestic jurisdiction article 2 as a shield against intervention in internal affairs by organizations with sole expectation of chapter VII enforcement measure. Human rights became a fundamental concern of international community and the source of inspiration for a wide range of united nation operations including peace keeping. Law is a human activity, a certain appearance of willing and acting so that its moral significance, action which is subject to moral duty and which gives rise to moral duty and which gives rise to moral responsibility. Moral duty is the duty to do well and avoid evil which an individual human being is tasked to participate in law making, law-applying, law-enforcing and law-abiding. International law highlights the relationship between sovereign states. After the Second World War, states no longer safeguarded the rights of their citizens and the issue of protecting individuals became more important in the international law. Human Rights Watch considers international justice accountability for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity to be an essential element of building respect for human rights. International law is self-constituting of all humanity through law. It is coming to reality through law of common interest of international society, the society of all societies. The international law recognizes the potential willing and acting of all human beings and all human societies and all
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forms of society commonly known as states. The international legal system contains three levels:
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