Governance Security and Politics 1c.docx

Governance Security and Politics 1c.docx - Globalisation...

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Globalisation, Security, Governance and Politics Globalization and Security Globalization theorists (for example, Spyby 1996; Freedman 1998; Van Creveld 1999; Lipschutz 2000; Shaw 2000) suggest that the national security state has weakened under the impact of powerful global social forces. These forces have manifested themselves in several forms including the absence of major interstate wars, a decline in military expenditures, the rise of transnational actors, and the proliferation of nontraditional security challenges in the areas of transnational terrorism, the environment, and drug trafficking. Moreover, globalization theorists (Mandel 1994; Mathews 1997; Klare 2001) argue that because these new challenges are global in nature and require collective action, traditional state-centered approaches to security planning are ill suited to deal with such pressures. They contend, therefore, that states have responded to the new threats by altering the architecture of their national security establishments and by pursuing cooperative security, both nationally and internationally. Moreover, to the extent that globalization has affected the pursuit of national security, it has done so unevenly. States in stable regions have transformed their national security establishments the most to meet the challenges of globalization, whereas those in conflict ridden regions have done so the least. The great powers have adapted to globalization only when it was consistent with their own strategic imperatives. Finally, very weak or failed states such as those in sub-Saharan Africa have had their fragile national security establishments buffeted by the pressures of globalization, adding further impetus for state collapse . The emerging globalization literature (Ohmae 1994; Spyby 1996; Freedman 1998; Held 1999; Van Creveld 1999; Lipschutz 2000; Mittelman 2000; Shaw 2000) includes the assumption that several features of the contemporary international sys- tem—principally, the nature of technology and the ease with which people, goods, services, and ideas cross national borders—have transformed the ways in which states pursue national security. Globalization and (National) Security Most dangerously, a variety of threats have become global in scope and more serious in their effects as a result of the spread of knowledge, the dispersion of advanced technologies, and the movements of people. These same developments, combined with expanding global economic interactions, contribute to some of the problems and resentments that lie at the root of these security threats. 1
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The national security issues most impacted upon by globalisation are generally found to fall into VARIOUS categories such as the nature of security threats in a globalised world, the effects of the phenomenon of globalisation on the pursuit of national security, and the erosion of the exclusivity of the state as a provider of national security. Thus t he process of globalisation has complicated the security predicament of states in a number of respects 1.
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  • Fall '18
  • Dr. Winnie W. Wairimu
  • National security, Major Powers

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