lecture 2 on debates and opportuntiies Updated.docx

lecture 2 on debates and opportuntiies Updated.docx -...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 19 pages.

Lecture 2: Debates, Issues, Controversies and Dissensions: The globalisation debate involves discussions on: 1. Is it really happening? Up to approximately three or four years ago, the core of the debate on globalisation concerned whether the phenomenon existed at all. Many people felt that all the talk about globalisation did not signify a reality. These people have sometimes come to be called globalisation sceptics. They argue that if, for example, you look back to the late nineteenth century there were already open markets, a good deal of trade in currencies and much migration across the world where, for the most part, people did not even need passports. Thus they questioned whether there was anything new about the contemporary phase, suggesting that all the talk about globalisation is simply hype. There has been a lot of research since then. My view is that that debate is over. The first globalisation debate is now over. Anyone who has studied the phenomenon in depth recognises that this is a new era. Whatever affinities it might have with it, the current global age is not merely a replica of the past. There are massive changes affecting our world. The globalisation debate itself has become global in a way that would simply not have been possible before the advent of recent global communication systems. 1
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

2. Does it produce convergence or divergence? A second contested issue in the literature on globalization has to do with its consequences as to the convergence of societies toward a uniform pattern of economic, political, and even cultural organization. Most famously expressed in modernization theory, the spread of markets and technology is predicted to cause societies to converge from their preindustrial past, although total homogeneity is deemed unlikely. This line of thinking was advanced during the 1950s and 1960s by both economists and sociologists. 3. Is globality different from modernity? Perhaps the most difficult debate surrounding globalization has to do with whether it is merely a continuation of the trend toward modernity or the beginning of a new era. On one side of the fence, Giddens argues that "modernity is inherently globalizing," and that "globalization [makes] the modes of connection between different social contexts or regions become networked On the other side of the fence, British social theorist Martin Albrow argues that globalization is a "transformation, not a culmination," and the "transition to a new era rather than the apogee of the old." The debate over the relationship between modernity and globality is a central one for sociologists. If globality is merely the result of an intensification of modernizing trends, then the recent surge in the number of books and articles on this subject can hardly be justified.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern