Lecture 7- Autism.pdf - Historical Background of Autism Autism and childhood-onset schizophrenia were previously lumped together as a single condition

Lecture 7- Autism.pdf - Historical Background of Autism...

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Historical Background of Autism Autism and childhood-onset schizophrenia were previously lumped together as a single condition In 1943, Kanner coined the term “early infantile autism” Kanner believed autism resulted from an inborn inability to form loving relationships with other people and described parents of these children as being cold/detached
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Impairments in social interaction Impairments in communication Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities DSM-5 Defining Features of ASD
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DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for ASD
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DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for ASD
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Three factors contribute to the spectrum nature of autism Children with autism may differ in level of intellectual ability, from profound disability to above-average intelligence Children with autism vary in the severity of their language problems The behavior of children with autism changes with age Autism Across the Spectrum
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Phenomenology of Autism Social relatedness Non-verbal behavior (eye contact, facial expression) Minimal interest in others (e.g., sharing enjoyment, social- emotional reciprocity) Communication Language delay Idiosyncratic language (e.g., no reciprocity) Behavior and interests Inflexible adherence to daily routines Stereotyped movements Pre-occupation w/ sensory qualities of objects
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Core Characteristics I. Deficits in social interaction social imitation (motor or vocal) make-believe play (reciprocity) social expressiveness (facial expressions) orienting to social stimuli responsiveness to others (empathy) processing of emotional information or sharing emotions with others joint social attention ability to see others as social agents
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Core Characteristics (cont.) II. Communication deficits : proto-imperative is intact, but impaired proto-declarative may use instrumental but not expressive gestures about 50% of children with autism do not develop any useful language use qualitatively deviant forms of communication
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  • Summer '16
  • Dr. Lee
  • Clinical Psychology, Schizophrenia, Kanner, Background of Autism, broader autism trait, underlying autism liability, core characteristics

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