CJ 544 Research Paper.doc - 1 Community Policing Programs...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 13 pages.

1 Community Policing Programs – Probation and Parole Systems Janice Roland CJ 544: Community Corrections Dr. Daniel Irabor April 15, 2016 Grambling State University
Drugs and the African-American Community 2 Community correction programs are sanctions that are imposed on former offenders that occur in a residential or community setting outside of a jail or prison. The sanctions are enforced by agencies or courts with legal authority over the offenders. There are many types of community correction programs such as being placed under house arrest or doing community service. Two of the most popular, well known and most often confused programs are the probation and parole systems. The reason both of these topics were chosen is because of the confusion they cause. Many people do not know the difference between the two. This paper will distinguish the difference between the two programs as well as give some insight into both programs. The paper will also discuss some issues among the probation and parole programs along with possible solutions for improvements. Probation is a type of community correction program where there is correctional supervision within the community rather than in a jail or prison. There is no jail or prison time associated with probation because the offender has not been sentenced to time prior to being placed on probation. It can have a number of different supervision statuses including active supervision, where it is required to regularly report to a probation authority in person, by mail, or by telephone. Some probationers may be on an inactive status which means they are excluded from regularly reporting. Other supervision statuses include probationers who only have financial conditions remaining, have absconded, or who have active warrants. Offenders are required to fulfill certain conditions of their supervision and adhere to specific rules of conduct while in the community (Bureau of Justice Statistics). Probation dates back hundreds of years ago by first using missionaries. The missionaries acted as what are now called probation officers and the offender had to report to them in the same way they do now. The missionaries helped the offenders to become better people in the
Drugs and the African-American Community 3 community as well as being responsible for their actions. The Probation of First Time Offenders Act allowed for courts around the country to follow the London example of appointing missionaries. The job of the missionaries was to work with magistrates to develop a system of releasing offenders on the condition that they kept in touch with the missionary and accepted guidance. John Augustus is recognized as the first true probation officer. Augustus was subsequently credited with founding the investigations process that is one of the three main concepts of modern probation The other two processes are intake and supervision. Augustus, who kept detailed notes on his activities, was also the first to apply the term "probation" to his method of treating offenders.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture