1-30-08 Types of Political Regimes

1-30-08 Types of Political Regimes - Goals•Understand...

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Unformatted text preview: 1-30-2008Goals•Understand different types of political regimes•Understand relationship between economic and political change•Understand economic and political phases in Latin AmericaEconomic and Political Phases•1830-1930oExport-import growthoDictatorship, oligarchic/restricted democracy (RD)•1930-1960soISIoPopulism, authoritarianism regime, restricted democracy•1960s-1982oStagnation of ISI; deepeningoBureaucratic-authoritarian regime•1982-presentoDebt crisis, in part recoveryoFragile, electoral democracyNote of Caution•These are broad patterns that apply mostly to advanced countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay)•Many exceptions, e.g. Mexico, for specific historical reasons•Andean countries and Central America later and weaker ISI thrust; longer history of oligarchic/military ruleTypes of Political Regimes•Authoritarian regime, dictatorship, oligarchic regime•Populist authoritarian regimeoMostly authoritarian, sometimes initially democratic, i.e. elected populist leader turning authoritarian (e.g. Peron in Argentina, Fujimori in Peru)oDirect appeal of leader to masses; bypassing of mediating institutions...
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1-30-08 Types of Political Regimes - Goals•Understand...

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