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Unformatted text preview: 2-4-08Argentina IArgentina I: Reversal of Development: Why?•From the 1860s to 1914, Argentina had one of the highest sustained growth rates recorded for any country•In the 1920s, Argentina’s GDP per capita was comparable to Italy’s•In the early 20thcentury Argentina attracted large numbers of immigrants from Southern Europe•In 1960, 36% of the labor force were employed in industry, the same percentage to the USA•Why did Argentina fall behind and increasingly come to resemble the rest of Latin America?From Riches to Stagnation•1880-1930 Export-import growth—prosperity and democracy (after 1912 reforms)•1930-1943 Economic crisis—restoration of authoritarian rule•1943-1955 Rise and rule of Peron•1955-1966 Restricted democracy: stagnation of ISI and increasing conflictArgentina II: Bureaucratic-Authoritarianism and Redemocratization •1966-1973 military, b-a regime•1973-1976 return of Peronists: growing confrontation•1976-1983 extremely repressive b-a regime: “Dirty War”Export-Import Growth...
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- Spring '08
- American Politics, Peron, middle classes, Freezing economic elites, elites Exclusionary nature