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Unformatted text preview: 2-12-2008Marriage ChoicesMarriage Choices•Selection effects•Teen parenting•The ‘weathering effect’•Is marriage good?Selection Effects•If people choose to belong to a group, or “select” themselves, some differences between groups reflect preexisting differences between people.•Examples: Marriage, college, employment•Are problems associated with teen births caused by teen births?oOr, does poverty and disadvantage cause both teen births and negative outcomes?oFewer teen births, more unmarriedoBirths, pregnancies, and abortions among younger and older teens are down since the late 1980sWhy are teen births declining?•Sexual initiation has decreased a littleoFrom 53% in 1988 to 51% in 1995•Contraception increased a littleoFrom 78% in 1988 to 80% in 1995•Biggest effect: more effective methodsoEspecially long-acting methods, like Depo-Provera•Reasons for decline: 1995-2002o14% of decline is from less sexo86% is from changing contraceptive use•International comparisonoOther countries have less teen pregnancy, more birth control (and more hormonal)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course SOCI 130 taught by Professor Cohen during the Spring '08 term at UNC.
- Spring '08