This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: 2-27-2008 Brazil, continued Areas of Needed Reform High levels of poverty and inequality (historically, but no improvement before 2002) Resistance of privileged against tax increases, and inability of government to muster congressional support for reforms because PT only controlling 91 or 513 seats in House of Deputies Deficiencies in rule of law Problems of Lula's Government Overrepresentation of rural areas--continued political strength of rural elites-- obstructing serious land reform Issue of compulsory voting (implications for practice of clientelism) Problem of media concentration and local political control over TV Political Scenario Bolsa Familia Example of conditional cash transfer program; against background of little to no social assistance/welfare Estimates that reaching about of Brazilian citizens (11.1 million families) Also 23% increase in real minimum wage during first term Declines of poverty and inequality 7% of total social expenditures; less than 2% of GDP Mid-2005 corruption scandal; buying opposition votes--crisis in PT Second scandal about campaign financing (following common practice vs. PT as clean) Fall 2006 elections: Lula seen as separate from the party Reelection in run-off with 61% of vote (48.6% in first round) Shift in support base to poor Northeast and lower education and income groups Effect of Bolsa Familia ...
View Full Document