2-27-08 Chile I

2-27-08 Chile I - Chile A Model Democracy-Past and Present...

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2-27-2008 Chile: A Model Democracy—Past and Present? Chile had a comparatively long history of stable (restricted) democratic rule, but democracy broke down when a government implemented serious social and economic reforms; why? Chile has become the model case for new democracies and neoliberal economic and social policies but has one of the most unequal income distributions in the world; why? Economic and Political Development of Chile 1895-1920 oligarchic democracy/export-led o Export-import growth from 1880s on, mainly nitrate and copper, former with heavy foreign participation, latter totally dominated by US capital (Anaconda and Kennecott) o Emergence of militant labor movement in mining areas; industrialists, mine owners, merchants emerging o Oligarchic democracy, i.e. formally universal male suffrage, but in each distinct committee of largest taxpayers controlling voter registration—keeping it highly restricted 1920-24 restricted democracy/reformist o Arturo Alessandri:
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