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Unformatted text preview: 2-27-2008Chile: A Model Democracy—Past and Present?•Chile had a comparatively long history of stable (restricted) democratic rule, but democracy broke down when a government implemented serious social and economic reforms; why?•Chile has become the model case for new democracies and neoliberal economic and social policies but has one of the most unequal income distributions in the world; why?Economic and Political Development of Chile•1895-1920 oligarchic democracy/export-ledoExport-import growth from 1880s on, mainly nitrate and copper, former with heavy foreign participation, latter totally dominated by US capital (Anaconda and Kennecott)oEmergence of militant labor movement in mining areas; industrialists, mine owners, merchants emergingoOligarchic democracy, i.e. formally universal male suffrage, but in each distinct committee of largest taxpayers controlling voter registration—keeping it highly restricted•1920-24 restricted democracy/reformistoArturo Alessandri: first reformist president, elected with support from middle and...
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