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Unformatted text preview: 2-5-08Deindustrialization•William Julius WilsonoThe Truly Disadvantaged (1987)oWhen Work Disappears (1996)•Flight of industrial manufacturingoFrom the Midwest and Northeast, to the South, West, and other countries•Growth of service sector jobsWilson’s Theory•Joblessness is the leading cause•Enhanced by snowball effectsoTax base shrinksoSchools and other infrastructure crumblesoCommunity organizations weaken•Stronger effect of concentrated povertyoWeak personal networksoNeighborhood image, self-imageoWorse to be poor in a poor placeFamily Effects•Marriage postponed or not at alloMen’s exclusion from ‘mainstream’oBoth men and women feel not ‘ready’Types of Explanation•Structural explanationoe.g. Wilson’s deindustrialization theoryoConditions cause family behavior (response)•Cultural explanationoTraditions and preferences cause behavior•E.g. ‘Culture of Poverty’oPoverty is a cycle reinforced by learned behavioroOriginally: ‘COP’ seen as response, not cause…...
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- Spring '08
- Sociology, William Julius Wilson, Negro American Family, negro family, Moynihan Report, When Work Disappears