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U np41/23/18thurs final 5/10 12-1:50pmtues march 6th12:00pm midterm4/24-26 student presentations take notes on each readingBreanna = taCharles smith reading = get started early, denseNy times middle east sectionCompare one event from an American liberal newspaper/british source, how wildly the sources differ = possible midterm prompt3/8 Charles Smith reading chartYishuv;Palestinians ;Egypt ;Iraq ;Syria ;Britain ;France; Russia ; USUS RussiaFranceSuezWar 7382 war1 chart for each crisis ( US replaces Britain for some of these, Algeria will be in some of these)1/25Roderic H. Davison readingIn the beginning, Balkans were included in the middle east. Hogarth uses the term “near east”: near to the westerners. Middle east : delineating borders for somebody else’s policy requirements. In the previous centuries, the ottoman empire had this power of determining where everything is . according to them, they lumped countries together. When they were in power, they did this. Since the beginning of last century, we refer to countries as near or far according to somewhere. The westerners started to have power to define geography of easterners late 1800s. they got their information from travel logs,missionaries, other means of getting info thru world exhibitions 1800s-early 1900s. this new knowledge of geography shaped foreign policies. Bc of the requirements of wwii , US started to have interest in the middle east thru business relations.Christian missionaries as a humanitarian cause before business relations.oMain point of this was to get the American Christian ways of thinking aligned with the ottoman empire’s Christian ways of thinkingoAmerican high schools were establishedoWere also there to Christianize populations ( Kurds, arabs.) done through schoolsFrom an ideological perspective history goes back to 1850s
Dynamic borders: nobody knows really where these borders are. You have a certain foreign policy and you need delineated middle east region. Becomes evident in cold war when players in the region (host) us for interferenceEisenhower Doctrine 1757 – ME borderso(Libya – accommodation)ow/o Congress approval. 1stdocument that legitimizes sending troops to middle east. It’s like giving supreme powers to president. oNotion of intervention – sending troops to a place in distress that supports US, starts with this doctrine. Need to know where to send troops in this intervention,so borders important-Term “Middle East” is not clearly delineated throughout time consistently-resource politics, geographic research -American foreign policy making is going to have a say in the naming of the region, just as before Britain had before the cold war, Russia as well-soon enough-Power relation between defining region as such. There is a battle when it comes to definition?