Reconstruction, part II.docx - Hersch Class Notes Reconstruction 1863-1877 part II 5 December*Not to Freak Out Note Hersch skipped sections I and IV on

Reconstruction, part II.docx - Hersch Class Notes...

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Hersch Class Notes Reconstruction, 1863-1877, part II 5 December **Not to Freak Out Note: Hersch skipped sections I and IV on the outline. Thus, renumbering has occurred on this set of notes. I. The Election of 1872 and related matters a. The Tweed Ring i. Political Machines 1. The Largest Machine in NYC was controlled by William Marcy “Boss” Tweed a. Had so much power that he got to choose New York legislative leaders b. Became a target of reformers 2. Tweed got rich as NYC expanded—the need for housing expanded as NYC grew, and NY set out contracts for building contractors to bid for a. Tweed chose the company with the highest graft/bid: no regulation at the time ii. Movements to end corruption like in the case of Marcy 1. Muckraking Journalists set out to end corruption a. Famous example: Harper’s Weekly 2. Prominent Cartoonist: Thomas Nast a. Cartoons always criticized “interests” of businesses b. Drew small heads of big businessmen to emphasize stupidity and drew huge bodies for them to emphasize their exploitive tendencies b. The Incumbent Challenged i. Incumbent at the time: Grant 1. Challenged—unusual at the time because the challenger was from the same party a. The Challenger: Horace Greely, a political neophyte, or political newbie b. No political experience; was previously a newspaper editor c. The Presidential Candidates and waving the bloody shirt i. Grant’s Position: Continue Reconstruction ii. Greeley’s Position 1.
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