111019_Contentious Issues.edited.docx - Contentious Issues...

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Contentious Issues 1 CONTENTIOUS ISSUES by (Name) The Name of the Class (Course) Professor (Tutor) The Name of the School (University) The City and State where it is located The Date
Contentious Issues 2 Contentious Issues 1.0. Introduction In ethics, there are various fundamental issues which raise various questions that are handled. These questions range from the inquiries of how people should live to what is to be done in case of a particular situation. In an attempt to get a proper answer these questions, there have been various topics that are raising arguments among the people in the society and there has never been an agreement on what should be done and/or how people should live in such cases. This paper seeks to focus on euthanasia as one of these contentious issues in the in the current society. 2.0. Stakeholder Perspectives 2.1. Euthanasia For the provision of a strategic framework on how to handle this contentious issue of euthanasia, the first step is to have a definition of different types of euthanasia. The word euthanasia derives its roots from two Greek terms “eu” which means good or happy and “Thanatos” meaning death. For this reason, the literal meaning of euthanasia can be translated as “happy or good death.” Euthanasia is, therefore, an intentional ending of someone's life to relieve the person from suffering or intense pain. 2.2. Ethical Perspective Ethics which mainly deals with the science of order of human action that has good and evil contained in them in the perception of morality is one of the factors that guide human deeds. Ethics raises several issues regarding the act of euthanasia, these are; whether is it ethically right to put to an end the life of a patient who is suffering and in severe pain. Secondly, is there any
Contentious Issues 3 circumstance under which euthanasia is ethically justifiable? Lastly, is the question of the moral difference between letting someone to die and killing the person? Since these questions remain debatable and no definite answer can be given out to support them, euthanasia continues to be unaccepted. 2.3. Types of Euthanasia Euthanasia may be involuntary, voluntary or non-voluntary. The voluntary one occurs when the subject voluntarily donates his or her body part to the recipient, and this happens with the consent of the recipient. Non-voluntary occurs when the concerned person is not in a position to express his/her opinion. The involuntary euthanasia takes place when the subject of euthanasia can provide informed consent but does not because he/she was not asked or does not want to die. On the other hand, euthanasia can be either active or passive. Active euthanasia occurs where a competent medical professional administering the patient a lethal injection that is combined with painkiller medication and/or muscle relaxant (Cooney. 2014, 6). The passive euthanasia refers to helping someone to die by withdrawing the patient from a machine that supports life such as a respirator. Passive euthanasia is endorsed in some countries such as the

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