Running Head: ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS AND QUALITY LEADERSHIP 1 Organizational Systems and Quality Leadership Task 3, SAT1-0517/1217 Millicent Carroll Moore Western Governors University August 22, 2018
ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS AND QUALITY LEADERSHIP 2 Healthcare Financing A1. Country to Compare The Great Britain (GB) comprised of three nations, England, Scotland, and Wales. The total population of the United Kingdom (UK) is 65.1 million (US Census Bureau, 2018). The UK is a highly industrialized region, which exports 53.1 billion dollars in goods to the United States annually. (US Census Bureau, 2018) A2. Access to Care: The United States of America has a total population of approximately 326 million. Citizens 65 and older account for approximately 47.8 million people, of which 15.2% of these individuals are retired. Children under 18 years of age account for 22.6% of population at total approximate count of 73.6 million. (US Census Bureau, 2018). The unemployment rate as of April 2018 is 3.4%. (Department of Labor, 2018) As compared to the United Kingdom or Great Britain’s total population of 65.1 million. Children represent 23.1% of population. Citizens over age 65 years old comprise approximately 18.2%, 11.3 million of total population. (US Census Bureau, 2018) UK retirees make up approximately 17% of total population. (OECD, 2018) The UK unemployment rate is at 4%. (ONS,2018) These countries have vast differences in total population, the US population is approximately five times the total population of the UK. Where the countries are similar are found in the breakdowns of the population both countries have nearly equivalent percentages for children, elderly, retirees, and unemployment. Being that both countries should have the same challenges and success given the ratios of age groups for their population. Access of care will be very different for each country. The UK healthcare system is a publicly funded, single payer model for all citizens. This means every citizen pays taxes to support healthcare system. Taxes are significantly higher than in the US. The individual citizen does not pay out of pocket expenses, such as premiums or co-pays. UK citizens can see their health care provider as needed without
ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS AND QUALITY LEADERSHIP 3 incurring financial strain. The UK health care system is called National Health Services (NHS). The NHS is the largest employer in the UK, employing over one million citizens. (NHS) The NHS is overseen by the United Kingdom Department of Health. Benefits to this centrally govern, one payer source, medical model is the citizen’s health is priority. Because there are not multiple private insurance carriers, cost containment is well managed. There is only one payer and one option, the NHS. Another benefit for the citizen’s health is the healthcare provider is the medical expert and decides what is medically necessary versus the insurer decided what is minimally acceptable. This model is efficient and not convoluted with administrative tasks for compensation to providers or coverage for beneficiaries. The UK needs more healthcare providers, this can make access to care challenging for the entire population. The NHS was
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