Midterm Study Guide Psych.docx - Midterm Study Guide Psych...

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Midterm Study Guide Psych-Be able to define personality--Characteristic (and relatively consistent) patterns ofthought, emotion, and behavior.–In other words, what makes you unique.Why use the word “personality” as a concept?–Sense of consistency/continuitySomeone “tends” to be this wayOriginates from within the individual-- Is consistentIt is distinctiveIndividual Differences: Distinguishing one person fromanother-Idea that there are a few key qualities these characteristics indicateIs a dynamic organization–Not static and is a process, supported by thoughts & feelingsBuilt upon by “psychophysical” systems–We are the product of our genes, environment and biologyAllport’sdefinition:–Personality is a “dynamic organization” of systems. This means:•Personality is displayed in many ways (behavior, thoughts,feelings)•Personality is causal – it causes the behavior, thoughts,feelings•Personality is psychological but is tied to the physical body•Personality is a process-What makes a good theory?•What do theories do (Why have them)?–Provide a summary statement or general principle•Explain phenomena–i.e., What is the mechanism?•Predict new information–Suggests possibilities not yet studied–Broader theories make more ambiguouspredictions–How well will this person do in this job, or on this test, etc.
What role does research have in theories?
-What is the difficulty in translating a measurefrom one culture/language to another?PAGE 28Culture & Validity: Is this measure really validacross cultures?
-Is research done with the predominantly whitecollege students in Western cultures alsorelevant to members of ethnic minorities or topeople who live in other cultures? In whatareas would you expect to find the mostdifferences?

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Term
Fall
Professor
JillKaplan
Tags
Personality Psychology, personality assessment

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