Psyyy.docx - 10 Attachment styles- Anxious-...

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10Attachment styles- Anxious- ambivalent-Parents tended tobe inconsistent (unreliable) in response tochildren “I find that others are reluctant toget as close as I would like. I often worry thatmy partner doesn’t really love me or won’tstay with me. I want to merge completely withanother person, and this desire sometimesscares people away”,Avoidant-Parent was not fully responsive tochild’s needs (rejecting child’s needs) Childbegins to feel they cannot count on others totake care of their needs “I am somewhatuncomfortable being close; I find it difficult totrust them completely, difficult to allow myselfto depend on them. I am nervous when anyonegets close, and love partners often want me tobe more intimate than I feel comfortablebeing”,Secure-Parent was quickly and reliablyresponsive and tended to child’s needs “I findit relatively easy to get close to others and amcomfortable depending on them and havingthem depend on me. I don’t often worry aboutbeing abandoned or about someone gettingtoo close”AttractionAttributional ambiguity-Members of stigmatizedgroups may be uncertain if the treatment theyreceive is due to them personally or is a resulttheir group membership For instance,wondering if you didn’t get a job because youweren’t qualified or whether it was because ofyour race, gender, handicap, or similarattributeAuthority-Power that derives frominstitutionalized roles or arrangementsBenevolent racism-Race and gender stereotypesoften contain a mix of positive and negativesentimentsBystander effectCooperation-essential to human functioning;however, individuals must balance the desireto cooperate with the desire not to be takenadvantage ofThe inclination to cooperatefor common goals is almost a definingattribute of humans
Culture of honor-Defined by its members’ strongconcerns about their own and others’reputations, leading to sensitivity to insultsand a willingness to use violence to avengeany perceived wrong ¤Southerners are morelikely than Northerners to respond withaggressionDehumanization-The attribution of nonhumancharacteristics to groups other than one’s own¤Fuels extreme violence ¤Types ofdehumanizing: -Denying human nature –thinking of humans as inanimate objects(“robots”) Denying human uniqueness –thinking of some humans as a “lesser species”(“apes”)Deindividuation-A reduced sense of individualidentity accompanied by diminished self-regulation that can come over people whenthey are in a large groupDiffusion of responsibility-A reduction of the sense ofurgency to help someone involved in anemergency or dangerous situation, based theassumption that others who are present willhelpDiscrimination-Unfair treatment of individualsbased on their membership in a particulargroupEmpathyEvaluation apprehension-People’s concern about howthey might appear to others, or be evaluatedby them

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Term
Spring
Professor
AmySchaffer
Tags
partner, Interpersonal attraction, Exposure effect

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