Bio103 SOS.pdf - Queens SOS Students Offering Support BIOL...

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Queen’s SOS: Students Offering Support BIOL 103 Final Exam-AID Review Package Tutor: Jessica Guo ([email protected]) Tutor: Ryan Marks ([email protected]) Much of the information used in this presentation comes from Q ueen’s University BIOL 103 (2015/2016 ). Textbook referenced: Biology by Brooker. SOS does not claim to own the information in this presentation and would like to acknowledge the use of these source
Queen’s SOS: Students Offering Support Raising Marks, Raising Money, Raising Roofs 2 Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 DR. WALKER SECTION 1. The Digestive System……………………………………………………………………………………..3 2. The Excretory System & Membrane Transport ……………………………………………….8 3. The Musculoskeletal System….……………………………………………………………………….12 4. The Nervous System….……………………………………………………………………………………15 5. The Circulatory System ….……………………………………………………………………………..19 6. The Respiratory System………………………………………………………………………………….22 7. The Immune System….…………………………………………………………………………………..24 8. The Endocrine System….………………………………………………………………………………..34 DR. CHIPPINDALE SECTION 1. Evolution………………………………………………………………………………………………………….37 2. Population Genetics………………………………………………………………………………………..39 3. Behavioural Ecology…………………………………………………………………………………………40 4. Speciation………………………………………………………………………………………………………..42 5. Systematics………………………………………………………………………………………………………44 6. Population Ecology………………………………………………………………………………………….46 7. Community Ecology…………………………………………………………………………………………49 8. Ecosystem Structure and Function…………………………………………………………………52
Queen’s SOS: Students Offering Support Raising Marks, Raising Money, Raising Roofs 3 Introduction This document is comprised of summary and study notes for the topics discussed in BIOL103. It is based predominantly on material delivered in lectures, though Dr. Walker’s section also includes information on the assigned textbook readings. We wish you the best of luck with your studying. Feel free to email us if you have any questions! Dr. Walker Section 1: The Digestive System 1.1: Digestion Basics - two major categories of organisms: autotrophs : self-nutrition, these harvest light or chemical energy and store it as carbon compounds; they can exist in an inorganic environment (ex: maple tree) heterotrophs : other nutrition, these must eat other organisms to obtain nutrition (ex: humans) - note: not all heterotrophs are animals and not all non-animals are autotrophic (ex: Venus flytrap) - extracellular digestion : involves digesting food outside of the cell itself bread mold hyphae excrete enzymes that digest starch in the bread athlete’s foot fungus – hyphae extend into the cells of the foot and absorb nutrients fungi that eat nematode worms hyphae penetrate worm’s body, digestive enzymes are released - often there is only one opening that serves as the entrance and exit in organisms that use extracellular digestion - intracellular digestion : involves bringing food into the cell itself for digestion, usually through a food vacuole

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