Rhythm and Meter:Musical TimeI.Rhythm: the basics•most fundamental element of music•notes have length, durationA.Beat:basic unit of rhythm•regular pulse divides time into equal segments•strong beats: accented, provide rhythmic pulse•Example
Rhythm and Meter:Musical Time
Rhythm and Meter:Musical TimeII. Metrical Terms•Meter: Organized patterns of beats.oSimple and Compound Meters•Measure: a measure contains a fixed number ofbeats.Example•Downbeat: first accented beat of a measure.•Upbeat: music begins with weak beat,anticipates the downbeat.
III. Types of Meters1.Simple meters: beats divided into two.◦ duple: alternates strong downbeat with a weak beat(ONE two).EX◦ triple: three beats per measure (ONE two three).EX◦ quadruple: four beats per measure (ONE two three four).EX2.Compound meters: beats divided into three.◦sextuple (compound duple): six beats per measure(ONE-two-three-FOUR-five-six).EX