Stroop Test.docx - Title Difference in response time while naming congruent colour stimuli and incongruent colour stimuli Abstract The present

Stroop Test.docx - Title Difference in response time while...

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Title Difference in response time while naming congruent colour stimuli and incongruent colour stimuli Abstract The present experiment was conducted to assess the difference in response time while naming congruent colour stimuli and incongruent stimuli. Between participants experimental design was used and data was collected by randomly assigning participants to each experimental condition. The sample composed of 20 participants within the age range of 28 – 30. To analyze the data, t- test was used. The analysis revealed that there is significant difference in response times in both conditions (t (18) = 13.036, p < 0.05) and participants were quicker while naming congruent colour squares and took time to respond when presented with incongruent color words.
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Introduction Stroop (1935,as cited in MacLeod, 1991) conducted experiments involving colour naming and word reading. He demonstrated the difficulty of suppressing the automatic process of reading when naming ink colours and this has been coined the Stroop effect. As outlined by MacLeod (1991), in a typical Stroop task, participants are instructed to state the colour of ink used in stimuli, where the stimuli used are either solid squares of the ink (e.g., a red square) or the names of colours which are different (i.e. incongruent) from the ink colour used (e.g.,the word “blue” printed in red ink). In the Stroop task, participants took longer to state the ink colour when it was incongruent to the colour name presented than when it was presented as a solid square. In other words, it took a longer time to say “red” to the word blue printed in red ink than to say “red” to a red square. More recent research on the Stroop effect has continued to support this finding (Cothran & Larsen, 2008; Zurrón, Ramos-Goicoa, & Díaz, 2013).
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  • Spring '17
  • mr davis
  • English, It, John Ridley Stroop, congruent colour, congruent colour squares

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