Nifedipine.docx - DRUG CARD CLASSIFICATION Calcium Channel...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 4 pages.

DRUG CARD CLASSIFICATION: Calcium Channel Blockers ACTIONS: Inhibits calcium transport into myocardial and vascular smooth muscle cells, resulting in inhabitation of excitation-contraction coupling and subsequent contraction USES: management of hypertension (ER tablets), angina pectoris, vasopastic angina GENERIC NAME DRUG SPECIFIC INFORMATION DOSAGE RANGE 1 Nifedipine Onset: 20 min Peak: unknown Duration: 6-8 hr Adult: 10-30mg 3 times daily (not to exceed 180mg/day) or 10-20mg teice daily as immediate-release form, or 30-90mg once daily as sustained- release form (not to exceed 90- 120mg/day) 2 3 4 5 DATA THAT INDICATES DRUG IS EFFECTIVE: Decrease in BP, Decrease in frequently and severity of angina attacks, decrease in need for nitrate therapy, increase activity tolerance and sense of well-being COMMON SIDE EFFECTS: Headache, abnormal dreams, anxiety, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, jitteriness, nervousness, psychiatric disturbances, weakness, blurred vision, disturbed equilibrium, epistaxis, tinnitus, cough, dyspnea, shortness of breath, arrhythmias, HF, peripheral edema, bradycardia, chest pain, hypotension, palpitations, syncope, tachycardia, increased liver enzymes, anorexia, constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, dysgeusia, dyspepsia, GI obstruction, N/V, ulcer, dysuria, nocturia, polyuria, sexual dysfunction, urinary frequency, flushing, dermatitis, erythema multiforme, increased sweating, photosensitivity, pruritus/uticaria, rash, gynecomastia, hyperglycemia, weight gain, joint stiffness, muscle cramps, paresthesia, tremor, stevens-johnson syndrome, gingival hyperplasia
CONTRAINDICATIONS: Hypersensitivity, sick sinus syndrome, 2 nd or 3 rd degree AV block, systolic BP <90mmHg,

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture