8236-1-18347-1-10-20151231.pdf - PP Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences 24(1 pp 14-24 2016 DOI 10.3311\/PPso.8236 Creative Commons

8236-1-18347-1-10-20151231.pdf - PP Periodica Polytechnica...

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14 Period. Polytech. Soc. Man. Sci. R. Doskočil The Level of Use of Project Management Methods, Techniques and Tools and Their Impact on Project Success - Selected Region of Czech Republic Radek Doskočil 1* Received 14 May 2015; accepted after revision 28 July 2015 Abstract The paper deals with the issue of project modelling, specifi - cally with the practical use of methods, techniques and tools of project management in relation to its success. The aim of this paper is to examine the level of use of methods, techniques and tools in the management of projects and their impact on project success. To fulfil the aim of the paper, a questionnaire survey was carried out in the form of a guided interview, and three statistical hypotheses defined ( H 1 , H 2 , H 3 ). A popu- lation was identified and then a selective sample, on which the survey was conducted. The primary data acquired were statistically evaluated and the defined hypotheses statistically verified. Conclusions of the testing of hypotheses by statistical testing showed that there were dependencies between defined statistical variables of individual statistical hypotheses ( H 1 , H 2 , H 3 ). On the basis of the results of the overall survey, it can be summarized that in the context of the application of selected project management methods, techniques and tools, companies make certain mistakes in the management of their projects, which have an impact on project success. Keywords Project management, project success, methods, techniques, tools 1 Introduction With increasing complexity and laboriousness of making changes or creating new values, the need of their effective plan - ning and management also increases. In this respect, project management (Sanjuan and Froese, 2013; PMI, 2013; AXE - LOS, 2013; Müller and Turner, 2007; IPMA, 2006) is an ideal means. Risks related to failures to meet deadlines or budgets still exist, and if they materialize, they may entail catastrophic impacts for an entity involved. Nowadays the theme of project management is very topi - cal, as the application of project management principles keeps expanding also into areas which bear only basic features of projects; they, however, occupy a significant position even in these areas (Relich, 2015). This paper aims to identify the level of utilization of meth - ods, techniques and tools in the management of projects, and their impact on project success. The thematic focus of this paper concentrates at the same time on the area of project modelling (Lacko, 2001). In eve - ryday project practice, a project team often gets into situations where they have to face various project-related decisions. In many cases, these decisions can be classified as serious, as the consequences resulting from an incorrect decision may have disastrous consequences for the project. For this reason, pro - ject teams naturally make efforts to minimize consequences of incorrect or erroneous decisions. With regard to turbulent and intercultural environments of current, usually complex projects, these endeavours are very complicated. The use of a modelling technique is a possible tool for decision support. Modelling
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