Outline 2 - Outline 2 I influences of Descartes a the...

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Outline 2 I. influences of Descartes a. the geometric or deductive approach defines the shape of philosophy come up with axiom (philosophical truths) then deduce other truths use the deductive approach to produce philosophical truths start with least controversial things four rules 1. accept as true only what is indubitable 2. divide every question into manageable parts 3. begin with the simplest issues and ascend to the more complex 4. review frequently enough to retain the whole argument at once b. the “mechanical” view of nature mechanical world view nature is above all else, a machine, like a clock. There are no ‘occult’ or mysterious forces at work all natural forces are mechanical and material nature and its laws can be described in a mathematically precise way mechanics are applicable to all of nature look at physical world in a mechanical way nature is like a clock, and god is like the great clock maker c. the significance of religious language and thought as found in theism goes back to the old testament humans are qualitatively different from all the other animals Christian notion that man is some how special Doesn’t want to start off with a biased philosophy You cant have god and the mechanical world at the same time II. Descartes’ Dilemma Quest for certainty He wants to begin philosophical theory with philosophical truths he can be certain of Certainty is almost impossible We are fallible human beings How could a fallible human being ever achieve certainty? III. Descartes’ Method of Doubt Method to solving dilemma If any particular truth can about the world can survive this extreme skeptical challenge, then it must be truly
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indubitable and therefore a perfectly certain foundation for knowledge a. deliberate (v. ordinary doubt) begin by doubting the truth of everything- not only the evidence of the senses and the more extravagant
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course PHL 301 taught by Professor Bonevac during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Outline 2 - Outline 2 I influences of Descartes a the...

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