Unformatted text preview: Danielle Farrell Labor History Part I: Question 3 People to invite to Ithaca instead of the Dali Lama, and Sandra Day O'Connor Sam Gompers- Gompers will talk about what it was like working in a cigar factory, and why labor unions are important. - Gompers will explain the story of "Conchy" how without labor unions hard workers like "Conchy" would not have gotten what they deserved. - Summary of "Conchy" story, "Conchy" because he was older, and had some impairments had a seat up front in the cigar factory where lighting was better. One morning Gompers goes to work and finds "Conchy" seated in the back of the room. The reason was because a strike breaker from a locked out plant came over to their cigar factory, and received the better chair. Gompers stood up for "Conchy" to the foreman and with the help of the other workers, "Conchy" get his old job back. - Gompers would talk about why the AFL succeed - Gompers was the first president of the AFL. He was paid $1000; the average wage of a skilled worker was $2000. Even though he held a position of power he was not above the workers of the union. - The president job was the key to the success of the AFL because the president could simply focus on AFL issues. - Strong leadership aligned with a powerful force of workers allowed for the AFL's voice to be heard on issues like immigration, and one of the driving factors behind Congress reauthorizing the Chinese Exclusion Act was the AFL. Franklin D. Roosevelt- Was elected in 1932, and served as President until 1945. FDR would talk about the conditions of the US workforce at the time of his presidency, and programs which he created that helped the country get out of the Great Depression. - FDR was put into the difficult position of serving as President when in his first year; unemployment hit its low of the Great Depression 12.8 million people. - Came into office and created many different programs that were known only by their initials (alphabet soup). - An important act was the National Industry Recovery Act (NIRA). This act put people back to work, set up the national recovery administration (NRA), set a "Code of Conduct," which set minimum wage hours, prohibited child labor, and gave workers the right to organize, and collectively bargain on an equal level. - The NIRA led to an increase in unionism, but in 1935 was unanimously declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. - After the NIRA was declared unconstitutional, FDR created the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA, Wagner Act). NLRA was another act that promoted unionism. It gave workers the right to organize, bargain collectively and to go on strike. This act also created the National Labor Relations Board. - FDR would also acknowledge that his success as President was helped out because Congress was Democratic and the Democrats passed his bills quickly and easily. Asa Phillip Randolph- Talk about injustices that happened to black workers and then speak about some good that was done - Blacks were used during WWII as laborers but never accepted. - Hate Strikes- white workers would go on strike to keep blacks out of factories. Main example is the Packard plant in Detroit, Michigan, where 25,000 workers went on strike because 3 black workers were given a "white person job." Randolph would not have allowed this and would have said how terrible this was. - Double V Campaign- Victory in the war, and a victory at home for civil rights. Country should have held stronger to this commitment. - Executive Order 8802: Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) A Good start for legislation, but needs to not just deal with government military jobs, but to all jobs across the nation. - MILK JR would also be pissed at James Earl Ray for shooting him. Part II: Question 4 Public Sector is Organized- There is a strong increase in public sector workers amongst women and blacks. From 1960-1968 there was an increase of 1.2 million workers in this sector. In 1962 JFK passed an Executive Order that said public workers could unionize but could not strike. Also for this remember that in 1981 Regan fired all the air control workers (PATCO) Globalization- Manufacturing jobs have been outsourced to countries that can produce products for cheaper. Unions started to lose members and jobs, so they allowed women and blacks into the union. Huge topic debated everyday. The World Trade Organization was formed to help deal with the idea of globalization. Civil Rights Act (1964) - Title VII- said one can not discriminate based on color, gender, national origin, religion. This was the start of equal opportunity and affirmative action. (We learned about this a million times) does not cover sexual orientation. ...
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- Fall '07
- Franklin D. Roosevelt, Trade union, Strike action, National Labor Relations Act, National Industrial Recovery Act, Sam Gompers- Gompers